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CISA releases 5G strategy aiming to secure infrastructure across the US

Ranine Awwad

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CISA releases 5G strategy aiming to secure infrastructure across the US

Countries around the world are working hard to secure leadership in the 5G technology market. However, they have fears of cybersecurity threats that have increased amid the deployment of the high-speed connectivity network. The United States of America has been taking significant steps to secure a resilient 5G network.  On August 8, 2020, The United States Department of Homeland Security’s (DSH) Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) released the National Strategy to Secure 5G aiming to provide recommendations on deploying secure and resilient 5G networks. 

The 5G network will be rolled out on non-standalone 5G networks and will co-exist with older communications technologies such as 4G LTE that bring significant vulnerabilities. The transition to a more secured network – the standalone 5G network – will take place within several years.

The strategy that was revised on August 24 outlined four defined lines of effort and five strategic initiatives for implementation. “Each of the strategic initiatives addresses critical risks to secure 5G deployment, such as physical security concerns, attempts by threat actors to influence the design and architecture of the network, vulnerabilities within the 5G supply chain, and an increased attack surface for malicious actors to exploit weaknesses”, states CISA.

On the other hand, CISA released the so-called 5G basics infographics aiming to educate stakeholders on key 5G challenges and risks. According to the Infographics, the 5G technology is expected to run over a non-standalone network until 2021 before being replaced by a standalone network.

CISA Director Christopher Krebs said in a statement “The promise of 5G is undeniable, but with 5G technology posed to underpin a wide range of infrastructure functions, it’s vital that we manage these risks adequately and promote a trusted ecosystem of 5G componentry”.

“From my perspective, 5G is the single biggest critical infrastructure build that the globe has seen in the last 25 years and, coupled with the growth of cloud computing, automation, and future of artificial intelligence, demands focused attention today to secure tomorrow”, Krebs was quoted in the strategy.

Ranine joined Inside Telecom as an Investigative Journalist. Her extensive fieldwork and investigations shed light on many socio-economic issues. Over the past few years, she has transformed her key findings into in-depth analytical reports. She earned a Bachelor’s Degree in Journalism and Communication.

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Azercell’s 4G footprint expansion made possible with Nokia

Karim Hussami

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Azercell’s 4G footprint expansion made possible with Nokia

Azerbaijan operators are expanding their 4G LTE offering, which will bode well for the underlying dynamics of the market. Furthermore, steady 4G base stations and network expansion will further provide momentum for innovative uptake.

Nokia has announced plans to expand the 4G footprint of Azerbaijan’s Azercell by deploying its AirScale 4G base stations at over 1,400 sites in Azerbaijan; the first large-scale deployment outside of the capital city, Baku.

After Nokia announced an LTE FWA announcement involving Nigeria and an FTTH announcement involving the Philippines, the deal with the Azerbaijan-based mobile operator Azercell, will realize the expansion of 4G, preparing Azerbaijan for next-generation connectivity.

“Nokia’s AirScale Radio Access solutions will provide Azercell with high-speed mobile connectivity to cater for increased demand as well as providing a clear migration path in the future. Nokia is the sole supplier in this deal and will replace the former 4G provider and develop the network further,” according to Nokia’s website.

Azercell is the largest operator in Azerbaijan, with more than 5 million customers. It will use Nokia Software’s NetAct Cloud network management system that meets customer demands for software-only delivery.

NetAct manages both radio and core networks and provides applications for fault management, configuration management, network and administration management, performance management, and security management. The deal includes Nokia’s services for network design, deployment, and optimization. Installation began at the end of 2018 and was completed in July 2020.

“Azercell has expanded 4G network across the country with Nokia to provide its population with equal technological opportunities and the latest innovations through its high-speed Internet,” Marat Hamidov, Director of Network Technology Department at Azercell, said.

“A high-performing 4G network is absolutely fundamental, and with our AirScale solution, we also offer a simple upgrade to the next technological era when Azercell is ready,” said Mikko Lavanti, Market Unit Head, Central East and Central Asia (CECA) at Nokia.

Azercell plans to rollout 4G across the whole country, including semi-urban and rural regions. As well as further plans to deploy low-power and wide-area NB-IoT services. 

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NSCS Issues an Alert for UK Academic Institutions Amid an Increase in Cyberattacks

Ranine Awwad

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NSCS issues an alert for UK academic institutions amid an increase in cyberattacks

On September 17, 2020, the UK’s National Cyber Security Center NCSC has issued an alert to the academic sector following an increased number of cyberattacks on schools, colleges, and universities. In fact, UK universities have been suffering from cyberattacks following the rise of online schooling amid the Covid-19 pandemic. A new report by Kaspersky published on September 4, 2020, states that phishing, DDoS (distributed denial-of-service) attacks, Adware and Malware are among cyberattacks threats associated with online learning.

NCSC provided UK institutions with a set of alerts to keep criminals out of their network following the detection of 17 ransomware attacks in August 2020. These attacks usually target the encryption of an organization’s data by criminals, who demand an exchange of money for its recovery.

The National Cyber Security Center has encouraged UK institutions to ensure that all their data are backed up and copies are stocked offline to prevent data loss in case of any cyberattack. The authority said that it is ready to support institutions as well as offering guidance for them to better understand the cybersecurity sector. “The NCSC recommends that organizations implement a ‘defense in depth’ strategy to defend against malware and ransomware attacks”. Moreover, they added, “Your organization should also have an incident response plan, which includes a scenario for a ransomware attack”.

Paul Chichester, Director of Operations at the NCSC, said, “While these have been isolated incidents, I would strongly urge all academic institutions to take heed of our alert and put in place the steps we suggest, to help ensure young people are able to return to education undisrupted”. Moreover, he added, “We are absolutely committed to ensuring UK academia is as safe as possible from cyber threats, and will not hesitate to act when that threat evolves.”

On September 4, 2020, The DoppelPaymer ransomware gang breached Newcastle University systems and stole backup files, states IT Governance. The BBC also reported that Northumbria University suffered from “operational disruptions across networks and IT system on September 1, 2020.

David Corke, Director of Education and skills policy at the Association of Colleges, said “As the last six months have shown us, it has never been more important for colleges to have the right digital infrastructure in order to be able to protect their systems and keep learning happening, whatever the circumstance”, according to The York Press.

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Korea’s KT will build 5G testing to support SMEs

Ranine Awwad

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Korea’s KT will build 5G testing to support SMEs

On September 16, 2020, Korean Carrier KT announced plans to build 5G test facilities nationwide. This move comes as part of the Korean government plan to support companies developing new services using 5G technology.

The KRW 28.5 billion (US$24.2 million) project aims to provide small and medium-sized firms access to research versions of the 5G network to test new services and is expected to be completed by 2023, according to RCR Wireless. The testing will be running in 4 different locations including Pangyo, south of Seoul, and the central city of Daejeon.

Korean Carrier KT plans to install 5G at the facilities on the 3.5 GHz and the 28 GHz bands by the end of 2020. Moreover, the carrier has announced that 200 employees will work on developing plans on how Artificial Intelligence, 5G, the cloud and the Research & Development will support the new deal scheme which is expected to create 550,000 jobs this year. 

According to Mobile World Live, Yoon-Young Park, head of the taskforce, said, “KT will create a commercial standards-based 5G network environment in which companies can research and contribute to the industry, with a focus on services including connected cars, drones, smart factories, and media streaming”.

Korean telecom operators have introduced 5G technology since April 2019. In July, they agreed to invest a total of KRW 25.7 trillion by 2022 aiming to boost 5G infrastructures across Korea, according to RCR Wireless. Despite the impacts of Covid-19 on the rollout of 5G network infrastructure, the operator expressed confidence in closing 2020 with 3.5 million 5G subscribers. 

Back in June 2019, Huawei opened its first 5G OpenLab in Seoul which was set to provide 5G network testing and verification environments for partners and help Korean enterprises use 5G networks to incubate new services, according to GlobeNewswire. 

Recently, the government of South Korea has announced its aims to proceed with a pilot project for non-standalone 6G services by 2026.

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