fbpx
Connect with us

Fintech

Fintech: Your new way of banking after Covid-19

Ranine Awwad

Published

 on

Fintech: Your new way of banking after Covid-19

Fintech allows you to perform all kinds of operations wherever and whenever you want. Financial technology is a tool that has been changing the way we work with money. The Fintech market will pin its worth at approximately $ 305.7 billion by 2023 according to the Global Fintech Market (2018-2023). Due to social distancing, Fintech is considered a lifeline for the economy during Covid-19 and will most likely, drive economy recovery after the pandemic.

Small businesses do not have accountants. Fintech allows a business owner to understand their finances, helping them make good decisions about when and where to invest their money. Many Fintech solutions provide online software that manages invoices, payroll, expenses, and even cash flow forecasting.

Fintech helps the unbanked join the formal economy; it is not about managing existing resources but creating new ones that help growth. Financial applications are used to withdraw money paid for remote working. However, some authorities have blocked these applications. Payoneer for example, has been used as an alternative for freelancers and businesses. However, in April 2020, the website has been blocked in Lebanon based on the order of the Lebanese judiciary.  In fact, the Fintech app can end the informal economy. Authorities cannot tax income they can’t see. Many Fintech services are not nationally recognized under government laws and regulations which means they would eventually operate outside conventional boundaries.

ZELF is a unique Fintech app that has been exclusively designed for ‘generation z’ with no application and no physical card. Users can transfer money to other ‘Zelfers’ or shop via a virtual MasterCard. ZELF is a messenger bank. After creating an account and clicking on the launch link, a new conversation with ZELF pops up and will be opened for money transfers and finances to be managed via WhatsApp, Facebook, Telegram of Viber. Users will get their own IBAN account number and virtual card, which they will be able to use for money transfer. According to the innovation website Sifted, ZELF have already signed 350,000 users to its waiting list in France and Spain since April 2020.

As quick and efficient as they are, Fintech platforms have to earn the trust of their users. That is why many are collaborating with other platforms claiming end-to-end encryption, despite the huge debate about this tool. Since most of these apps are introducing biometric data security, your biological credentials might also be at risk from hackers.

Advertisement

Ranine joined Inside Telecom as an Investigative Journalist. Her extensive fieldwork and investigations shed light on many socio-economic issues. Over the past few years, she has transformed her key findings into in-depth analytical reports. She earned a Bachelor’s Degree in Journalism and Communication.

Fintech

Mastercard to support cryptocurrencies in its network

Karim Hussami

Published

 on

cryptocurrencies

Mastercard announced it will add cryptocurrencies to its network by giving preference to ‘stable coins’ or cryptocurrencies that are linked to fiat currencies such as the U.S. Dollar.

Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin have been riding an all time high for a number of weeks now, as the digital payment method made strides in gaining confidence from a myriad of top-tier companies across the board.

“Whatever your opinions on cryptocurrencies — from a dyed-in-wool fanatic to utter skeptic — the fact remains that these digital assets are becoming a more important part of the payments world,” the international payments company said in a statement.

“We are preparing for the future of crypto and payments, announcing that this year Mastercard will start supporting select cryptocurrencies directly on our network,” it added.

The conditions of use

Subsequently, the company set forward four conditions for stable coins to be accepted on its network.

The first involves consumer protections including privacy and security of consumers’ information; while the second relies on strict compliance including Know Your Customer (KYC), a requirement meant to snuff out illegal activity and deception in payment networks.

Third, digital assets must follow local laws and regulations in the regions used and fourth, crypto assets will need to offer the stability people need in a vehicle for spending, not investment.

Whilst those conditions should be met for the process to be done smoothly, Mastercard has already teamed up with cryptocurrency players such as Wirex and Bitpay to launch cryptocurrency cards in the past but noted that those players were previously converting cryptocurrencies to flat currencies on their own.

The initiative is expected to complicate the Indian government’s plans to ban private cryptocurrencies. On 9 February 2021, Minister of State for Finance, Anurag Thakur, said that a law on the subject is being finalized and will shortly be sent to the Union Cabinet.

Supporting digital assets

Mastercard highlighted in its statement that its change to support digital assets directly will allow many more merchants to accept crypto — an ability that’s currently limited by proprietary methods unique to each digital asset.

Prior to Mastercard’s move, online payment company, PayPal, allowed users to hold cryptocurrency in their wallets, and more recently, Tesla announced a $1.5 billion purchase of Bitcoin to begin accepting payments in Bitcoin.

As for the benefits of cryptocurrency, they range between the user’s autonomy, discretion of operation, peer-to-peer focus, elimination of banking fees, very low transaction fees for international payments, amongst others.

The cryptocurrency industry in India has launched an online initiative called “IndiaWantsCrypto” to build public support in favor of the digital asset in India.

Continue Reading

Fintech

Are CBDCs the future of monetary systems?

Yehia El Amine

Published

 on

CBDCs

The world is becoming more and more digital as time passes, with finance services championing this transformation, especially with the increasing demand of contactless digital payments swooping in, as the global Covid-19 pandemic magnifies our need for them.

Many central banks around the world are looking to create their own digital currencies (CBDC) to spearhead the changing tides of the financial world.

The initial debate over this topic was sparked when social networking titan Facebook announced that they would be launching their very own Libra cryptocurrency last year.

As many have mistaken CBDCs for cryptocurrencies, they are fundamentally two different things.

According to U.S.-based think tank, Brookings Institution, CBDCs are traditional money, but in digital form; issued and governed by a country’s central bank. By contrast, cryptocurrencies like bitcoin are produced by solving complex math puzzles and governed by disparate online communities instead of a centralized body.

What’s common between both digital currencies, to a varying degree, is that both of them are reliant and based on blockchain technology; blockchain is a distributed ledger technology (DLT) that allows information to be stored globally on thousands of servers.

When two companies are in business together and use cryptocurrency as payment, the agreement forms the “block” in the chain. However, while some brick-and-mortar stores and many businesses do accept Bitcoin as a form of payment, cryptocurrencies are not considered to be legal – CBDCs, on the other hand, would be.

“Unlike central bank money, both traditional and digital, the value of cryptocurrencies is determined entirely by the market, and not influenced by factors such as monetary policy or trade surpluses,” the report by Brookings highlighted.

According to the Bank of International Settlements (BIS), electronic cash is more often than not held and supported by banks or on pre-paid cards paid for in hard currency to represent the numbers on a screen.

In this case, however, CBDCs act as a complete replacement for bank notes and coins all together, shedding away its representation in physical funds.

Many central banks around the world view CBDCs as a more cost-effective and efficient replacement for the traditional payment systems that have been around for decades, in the hopes of reducing transfer and settlement times, which would subsequently spur economic growth on a massive scale.

In parallel, CBDCs are seen as the natural champion that would face off against the rise of private sector issued cryptocurrencies such as Facebook’s Libra.

The fear among central bankers is not targeted toward the highly volatile and inconsistent state of cryptocurrencies, but mainly deals with the private sector’s effect on the financial system that would quickly erode sovereignty over monetary policies.

Many consider that CBDCs could address problems like inefficient payments that cryptocurrencies seek to solve, while maintaining state control over money.

The beauty of CBDCs is their ability to fully digitize the entire monetary system, allowing it to become more efficient with easier access to funds all while being transparent, due to the use of blockchain technology.

The theory goes that due to the CBDCs being centrally controlled, regulated, and backed by local governments, then it would grant them legitimacy, trust, and stability in the eyes of citizens and consumers.

This would also pave the way for better monetary policies to be enacted, allowing them to flow more directly and seamlessly while not being hampered by third parties, which would fuel cashless economies and systems.

CBDCs would allow citizens direct access to their funds via the central bank, or via commercial bank partnerships which would subsequently explode financial inclusion to another level; this is a radical change to the financial system, as people would enjoy secure access to their money merely through a smartphone and an Internet connection.

As the notion of CBDCs is still in its infancy, African countries such as Ghana and Rwanda are spearheading research and investigation into the potential use and investment into digital currencies in an attempt to provide financial support to its huge unbanked population.

While most countries are still in the research stages, France has already piloted a CBDC transaction, and Sweden is currently carrying out a one-year trial of the new e-krona, built on the Corda DLT platform.

Be that as it may, central bank digital currencies still need years of development to reach the mainstream, but the sooner banks and financial services can anticipate and prepare for the move, the sooner a seamless transition can be made.

However, one need not forget the barriers that come along with any digital transformation, from policy and regulations to the greater risk of cybersecurity.

If the central banks of the world are able to quickly adapt to the changing tides and fully support this transition, then humanity would be heading toward a new dawn of a more democratized monetary system all together.

Continue Reading

Fintech

Is Blockchain-powered FinTech the future of finance?

Yehia El Amine

Published

 on

Blockchain and Fintech

Imagine yourself as a bank executive, competing against a global, multi-service, low-cost, digital bank; customers checking their accounts via smartphones, paying bills or transferring money with a swipe of finger.

An AI-powered engine allows them to play around with their ETF portfolios with absolutely no fees, or cross-border payments.

Take a moment to consider facing a competitor with a nimble footprint, prototyping new services quickly, managing regulatory compliance transparently, using an AI system to limit fraud losses, and hedging currency risk using cryptocurrencies.

While this competitor does not actually exist today, the financial services industry is well on its way to transforming this not-so distant dream into reality, due to the disruptive technologies that have changed the playing field.

While many banks lean on their IT departments to spearhead efforts of innovation, and support legacy systems in parallel, the FinTech sector are leading the innovative line with user-friendly solutions developed from the ground up.

The pace of change shows no signs of slowing down; and the main driving force of this hike is blockchain.

According to a report by Market Data Forecast, the global FinTech market is foreseen to expand from $1.23 billion in 2020 to $9.2 billion in 2025, with a stunning growth rate (CAGR) of 75.9 percent.

“The recent Covid-19 outbreak has highlighted the demand for digital transformation in the banking sector as people are forced to use online services and limit their visits to the bank,” the report said, adding that “for this reason, most of the banking companies are collaborating with financial tech providers to offer differentiated and competitive services, since the digital customer experience will be the main competitive advantage and is expected to drive the market.”

But before we delve deeper into the effects of blockchain on FinTech, we must first define the technology itself.

What is blockchain?

Blockchain is a distributed ledger technology (DLT) that allows information to be stored globally on thousands of servers. When two companies are in business together and use cryptocurrency as payment, the agreement forms the “block” in the chain.

Blockchain links and secures these blocks using cryptography.

The most vital features of the technologies are three-fold:

  • Decentralized – a blockchain-powered network excludes the risks of data being kept centrally by storing it across the network.
  • Distributed ledger is a synchronized database and accessible across various locations and geographies by multiple participants. Each of the computers in the distributed network holds a copy of the ledger to guarantee transparency and prevent a single point of failure (SPOF).
  • Immutable record – all blockchain networks follow a particular protocol for validating new blocks. Once registered, the data in any block can’t be changed without altering all the following blocks, which requires the network’s consent.

These attributes extend far beyond economics but are ideal for what FinTech hopes to achieve and accomplish within the financial services industry. In parallel to that, blockchain-powered FinTech applications can resolve the issue of trust between two transacting parties operating on equal term.

Between bulletproof identity authentication protocols and smart contracts, blockchain is considered one of the most secure environments on the market.

Blockchain in the FinTech landscape

Blockchain offers a more seamless, effective, and transparent alternative to the legacy systems currently in place, mainly catered around the concept of fairness and decentralization, which likely creates the perfect financial storm to revamp the financial industry as a whole.

  • Eliminating the middleman

 What usually takes regular banks three to five business days to process fund transfers due to all the necessary hoops and protocols needed, would take blockchain-powered FinTech apps minutes to complete.

Not only that, but these applications can grant users real-time data updating features that paints a clear and error-free picture of the transactions being made.

  • Smart contracts

According to StartUs Insights, Smart contracts that are embedded into a blockchain does not rely on a centralized stakeholder for hosting and controlling, which eliminates chances of data manipulation and/or conflicts of interests.

“Any attempts to modify the contract or its contacts will be automatically corrected by other blockchain nodes, making it too expensive and nearly impossible to tamper with the agreement,” the report by StartUs Insights highlighted.

An example of this can be seen through a collaboration between Credit Suisse and a startup called Synaps a joint initiative by Symbiont and Ipreo, which focuses on automating and improving the global loan syndicate market using blockchain-based smart contracts.

The collaboration is developing a solution for easing the process of arranging, signing, and executing syndicated loan agreements.

  • Lowering transaction costs

It comes as no surprise that banks are making fortunes through transactional fees, as financial regulators are still cashing in by essentially permitting customers to use their own money.

When blockchain firmly steps into the mix, this cost will drastically plummet, due to their ability to grant users direct, peer-to-peer transactions, unshackling customers from all intermediaries.

An example of this can be seen through a startup called Request Network, which has developed a solution for not only directly sending and receiving money but also for paying and issuing invoices, for businesses to accept money for online payments, as well as for cities and governments to be more transparent and allowing citizens to monitor their transactions.

  • Finance beyond borders

The beauty of blockchain is that it’s entirely based on the Internet; shedding away the need for any operational setup and the need to tie into any local regulation or entity. One only needs a private account to begin using it.

This frees customers from the parameters set forth by banks to make transactions, paving the way for more decentralized systems that would allow global transactions to happen while only needing Internet access.

  • Fair and transparent regulations & auditing

The mainstream use of blockchain within the FinTech sector would enable developers to create the most concise auditing protocols.

According to U.S.-based software company TheBlockBox, a blockchain functions as a storage of linear blocks that adds a new entry for every new action, but it never tampers with old blocks no matter how big the system gets.

“This can provide all the data needed to conduct a quick and secure audit of transactions, which is precisely why transparency is something experts hail as the main upside of blockchain networks,” the TheBlockBox report explained.

While the hype behind blockchain-powered FinTech is alive and well, the industry is still relatively nascent especially for decentralized networks to become a mainstream financial model.

The model goes completely against the tide of the financial industry today, thus making it a more radical approach to an already hyper competitive industry.

However, with the current technological advancements making strides every day, we should see the technology starting to attract the ears and eyes of the many in no time.

Continue Reading

Trending