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Hibernating 5G stations in China to save energy

Karim Hussami

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Hibernating 5G stations in China to save energy2

The 5G network which telecommunication companies began deploying worldwide in 2019, has become an integral part of a country’s digital transformation initiative.

However, the growth in the number of connected devices, the diverse number of services and the increasing levels of data traffic means that energy consumption  to power the Internet is growing faster per year.

While carriers spend around 5% to 6% of their operating expenses on energy costs, according to MTN Consulting, 5G base station consumes up to twice or more the power of a 4G base station due to the need for more antennas. Moreover, the fifth generation stations use up to three-and-a-half times more energy than 4G infrastructure.

China Unicom announced it would put base stations to sleep between 9pm and 9am to reduce electricity costs in the city of Luoyang.

Some cities are adopting this method to save energy because there aren’t enough users yet, China has been rapidly rolling out new 5G base stations, reaching 410,000 nationwide in June.

In addition, part of the problem is that this new generation of mobile connectivity demands more densely placed base stations.

Despite the energy-saving approach, Unicom, one of the country’s three state-owned telecom companies, is trying to assure users that they aren’t likely to see any change in service. “There’s no need to make a fuss,” said China Unicom CEO Xiaochu Wang. “Shutting down base stations is not a manual shutdown, but an automatic adjustment made at a certain time, which has no impact on consumers and is good for investors,” Wang said.

China’s telecom operators include two fixed-line operators with nationwide licenses, China Telecom and China Unicom and three mobile carriers – China Telecom, China Mobile and China Unicom.

This move had many customers question whether the  hibernation will affect their 5G subscription and whether it is still still worth paying for it if the stations won’t be accessible at certain hours.

The telco insists it is not a problem because the hibernation function of the active array units (AAU) turns off the power supply when a base station is idle and when there are no 5G users connected, according to Li Fuchang, Deputy Director of the wireless networks research department at China Unicom’s Network Technology Research Institute.

Operators can therefore reduce electricity and maintenance costs by regulating the hibernation according to real-time data.

Telecommunications equipment giant Ericsson warned in March that the communications technology industry will need to lower total mobile network energy consumption while facing massive traffic growth by replacing old equipment and using artificial intelligence.

Journalist for 7 years in print media, with a bachelor degree in Political Science and International Affairs. Masters in Media communications.

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Telefónica and Allianz partnership, Spanish media reports

Inside Telecom Staff

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Telefónica and Allianz partnership

Spanish telecom giant Telefonica is aiming to strike a partnership with the private equity branch of German insurance company Allianz that would see them enter a joint fiber optic venture worth around €5bn (£4.5bn, $5.8bn).

According to a report by Spanish publication Expansion, the joint venture, half-owned by each, will look to invest in fiber optic network infrastructure in remote areas and regions within Germany.

Should this deal come to fruition, it’ll aim at building a network covering up to two million homes with fiber connectivity in small cities, the newspaper said while citing unidentified sources.

This is the second time a deal between the operator, which runs one of Germany’s biggest mobile operators, and the German insurer comes to light in recent weeks; Reuters had earlier reported that Telefonica was in late stages of negotiating a deal with banks and an unidentified investor to build the infrastructure.

Both companies have refused to comment on the venture as of yet.

Earlier in June, Telefonica Deutschland announced that it will commence its multi-million Euro efforts of constructing its 5G core mobile network in Germany using equipment by Swedish telco Ericsson and data residing on AWS serves in Germany, through AWS Outposts.

According to the company, the core network will integrate full cloud compatibility, which would allow it to handle increasing traffic and data volumes.

Should this venture become a reality, it would expand Telefónica’s footprint in Germany at a time when its competitors are venturing into service beyond traditional mobile.

Back in September, Deutsche Telekom launched an upgraded fixed-mobile tariff, as part of a wider push around convergence. Vodafone Germany, meanwhile, has also made a major push using cable assets it acquired in the country from Liberty Global in 2019.

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IoT sector prospers amid Covid-19 pandemic

Yehia El Amine

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IoT

The Covid-19 pandemic has left no stone unturned, heavily impacting most industries into forced slowdowns, projects on pause and has forced companies far and wide to reconsider their practices and business models moving forward.

However, the tech sector, specifically related to the Internet of Things (IoT), has massively increased in value and development. Businesses across the board are looking to structure their business models with an IoT base.

“Almost 84 percent of IoT adopters found that the technology was key to maintaining business continuity during the pandemic,” Vodafone’s 2020 IoT Spotlight research said, adding that, “the majority of adopters now viewed the integration of IoT devices with workers as a higher priority, and 73 percent agreed that the pandemic would accelerate their adoption plans.”

Closing the digital gap

Apart from the terrible reality of what the virus brings, its outbreak has accelerated companies’ digital migration to stay competitive, while looking for innovative applications and software to avoid being drowned in a sea of restrictions and precautions caused by the virus.

According to a report by McKinsey, before the COVID-19 outbreak, 92 percent of companies had been considering digital transformation of their business models, but the crisis revealed how vulnerable most companies are and how urgently they require transformation.

“COVID-19 crisis is likely to significantly accelerate the shift to digital and fundamentally shake up the business landscape,” the report added. 

According to Vodafone’s findings, enterprises consider IoT to be an essential element for being future-ready that could enable much smoother and cost-effective strategies; so much so that 73 percent of firms said that organizations that failed to embrace IoT will have fallen behind within five years.

“It’s giving companies an opportunity to re-design their operations and future-proof their business model. This research proves IoT is an essential technology for businesses that want to be resilient, more flexible and quicker to adapt and react to change,” said Erik Brenneis, IoT Director at Vodafone Business.

And rightly so, since 87 percent of decision makers surveyed by Vodafone agreed their core business strategy has changed for the better as a result of adopting IoT; in parallel, 95 percent said that they have achieved ROI, and 55 percent of adopters have seen operating costs decrease by an average of 21 percent.

IoT leading the line

While the pandemic has pushed employers to enact work-from-home policies, IoT was at the forefront of it, used to overcome social isolation and enable their businesses to stay afloat.

“[Due to the pandemic] the IoT global market is expected to increase from $150 billion to $243 billion by 2021, growing at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 13.7 percent,” another report by MarketsandMarkets stated.

The technology is not only key for future strategies, but IoT deployments have been reported to boost employee productivity, while improving customer experience by more than twofold. 

“IoT has grown up. It’s no longer just about increasing return on investment or providing cost savings to businesses – it’s about changing the way they think and operate,” Brenneis added. 

What IoT brings to the table

  1. Cost reduction: During an outbreak, demand and slow production take the biggest hit, which is why IoT sensors synced with analytics allow companies to efficiently operate remotely, without hindering production or shipping.
  2. Automation: This year has showed that the process of automation needs an upgrade; IoT has an important role to play here, since it can streamline automation and shipping areas of a business, while allowing it to become more competitive and efficient during a crisis. 
  3. Remote working: Covid-19 posed a challenge toward decision makers with regards to changing needs of their staff, customers, suppliers and the like, all while complying with government restrictions. The integration of IoT software, tools, and applications have opened up a whole new working system, and this could prove valuable to people with certain disabilities to access the job market. 

While, from a business perspective, the pandemic has negatively affected most major industries, the tech sector has taken the opportunity to accelerate its projects and aspirations. 

Whether it concerns accelerating 5G rollout, or developments in the IoT sphere, the results of this year will lay the cornerstone for tech to aid companies not only to keep functioning, but also succeed in this time of uncertainty.

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Free WIFI in Madagascar to boost digital inclusion

Karim Hussami

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In order to provide internet coverage for Africa’s young population by 2030, the telecoms industry, governments, and economic institutions will need to invest over $100 billion over the next 10 years, according to a report by the Working Group on Broadband for All

Accessibility is an essential first step in bridging the digital divide. 

According to Datareportal, Madagascar’s number of internet users increased by 11% between 2019 and 2020. In January 2020, the total number of internet users reached 3.84 million which accounts for 14% of the population. 

Although internet is available through complimentary WIFI in hotels, restaurants and cafes in major towns and cities, internet is still not accessible to those living in more remote locations, which is why plans to launch free WIFI hotspots started last June, according to Madagascar’s Minister of Posts, Telecommunications and Digital development Andriamanohisoa Ramaherijaona.

Approximately fifty terminals should be operational across Madagascar by the end of the year with more in the pipeline; 130 terminals are expected by 2023.

Citizens who are currently at the margins of the digital arena, will get free access to wireless internet, in 22 regions of the country. Vatovavy-Fitovinany, in the province of Fianarantsoa in south-central Madagascar, will be the first to get access to the new WIFI hotspots. 

The government-led digitization process aims to empower communities and foster growth in eCommerce, online learning and digital health. 

Other countries in Africa prioritizing internet connectivity is Nigeria, where Fiam WiFi is rolling out public hotspots to underserved communities in Lagos. While in South Africa, Project Isizwe, an award-winning, non-profit organization, is bringing free public WiFi access to low-income communities across South Africa.

“In those regions, the project has succeeded in improving access by residents to services that have transformed their day-to-day life, thus bridging the digital divide not only between the different regions of Madagascar, but also between urban and rural populations, and between disadvantaged groups and others,” Coralie Gevers, World Bank Country Manager in Madagascar said. “This project has therefore contributed to democratizing mobile telephony and the Internet in Madagascar, and has without a doubt had an impact on the economy.”

Digitization will also boost financial inclusion; WiFi connection made available in remote parts of the country will help unbanked citizens access online payment platforms. Ultimately, the move will support community development pre- and post-pandemic. 

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